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Table 3 Odds ratios for comparison using Method 2. Odds for preference of system with suppression using paired comparisons and logistic regression (Method 2). The data consisted of 840 groups of 5 cases each (reference and four alternatives) sampled as described. Values shown give the odds that the reference system is preferred over its paired alternative. Values marked with asterisks are significant at the α = 0.05 level. Kinetic orders and rate constants were sampled with σ = 0.1. Cells marked with an odds ratio of 1 or = indicate cases that were fixed by equivalence. Odds of ∞ shown for measures were reference was found to be better than the alternative in every case sampled.

From: Improved methods for the mathematically controlled comparison of biochemical systems

Functional Performance Objective Independent Alternative Internally Equivalent Partially Equivalent Fully Equivalent Irvine and Savageau
Minimize Basal Level of Systemic Antigen 0.91 0.98 1 1 =
Minimize Basal Level of Effector Lymphocytes 1.0 0.98 1 1 =
Minimize Antigenic Gain 0.63* 0.31* 0.25* 1 =
Minimize Effector Gain 1.2* 2.1* 2.2* 1 =
Minimize Dynamic Levels of Antigen 3.9* 69* 55* 55* +
Minimize Dynamic Levels of Effector 1.6* 1.9* 2.2* 1.2* +
Minimize Sensitivity to Parameter Variation 2.2* 22* 21* +