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Table 1 Default parameter values. Parameter values and distributions used in the computer simulations.

From: Does reservoir host mortality enhance transmission of West Nile virus?

Parameter Symbol Mean value Distribution Units Source
Initial number of birds H 20 constant (number)  
Number of mosquitoes M 1,000 constant (number)  
Time between blood meals 1/a 5.0 ~ Gamma(10, 0.5) days [21, 49]
Mosquitoes' life expectancy -ln(p) 33.3 ~ Exp(ln(p)) days [21]
Mosquitoes' extrinsic incubation period n 7.0 ~ Gamma(28, 0.25) days [50]
Birds' time to infectiousness - 2 ~ Gamma(8, 0.25) days [28, 32]
Birds' duration of infectiousness d 3.25 Gamma(13, 0.25) days [28]
Probability of bird-mosquito infection b m 0.69 constant (probability) [51]
Probability of mosquito-bird infection b h 0.74 constant (probability) [51]