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Table 6 Studies of vegetarian diets and serum markers of inflammation

From: Diet as prophylaxis and treatment for venous thromboembolism?

Author Study Design Population Exposure variable Outcome variable Results
Mezzano [70] Case-control 52 Chilean subjects Lacto or lacto-ovo Vegetarians v. Omnivores CRP NS
Chen [65] Case-control 198 healthy Taiwanese subjects Vegetarians (NOS) v. Omnivores CRP NS
Harvinder [121] Case-control 47 USA subjects with CAD or CAD risk factors Vegans v. Omnivores CRP Vegans had significantly lower levels of CRP
Kjeldsen-Kragh [64] Case-control 53 Rheumatoid arthritis patients Lacto vegetarians v. Omnivores WBC count Lacto vegetarians had significantly lower WBCs
Kjeldsen-Kragh [72] Case-control Rheumatoid arthritis patients Vegetarians (NOS) v. Omnivores WBC count Vegetarians had significantly lower WBCs
Nazarewicz [62] Case-control 22 vegetarian and 19 omnivore Pols Vegetarians (NOS) v. Omnivores WBC count Vegetarians had significantly lower WBCs
Pongstaporn [122] Case-control 178 vegetarian and 58 omnivore Thais Vegetarians (NOS) v. Omnivores WBC count Vegetarians had significantly lower WBCs
Arm-strong [63] Case-control 431 vegetarian and 131 omnivore Seventh-day Adventists Vegetarians (NOS) v. Omnivores WBC count Vegetarian men but not women had significantly lower WBCs
Haddad [68] Case-control 25 vegan and 20 omnivore Californians Vegans v. Omnivores WBC count Vegans had significantly lower WBCs
Tungtrong-chitr [67] Case-control 132 vegetarians and 47 omnivores from Thailand Vegetarians (NOS) v. Omnivores WBC count NS
Malter [66] Case-control German male vegetarians and omnivores Vegetarians (NOS) v. Omnivores WBC count NS