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Table 8 Studies of vegetarian diets and serum markers of coagulation

From: Diet as prophylaxis and treatment for venous thromboembolism?

Author Study Design Population Exposure variable Outcome variable Results
Li [73] Case-control 139 healthy male subjects aged 20-55 in Melbourne Vegetarians (NOS) v. Omnivores factor VII activity Lacto-ovo vegetarians had significantly lower plasma factor VII activity
Mezzano [70] Case-control 52 Chilean subjects Lacto or lacto-ovo Vegetarians v. Omnivores PT, fibrinogen, factor Vc, factor VIIc, factor VIIIc, antithrombin III, protein S, plasminogen, protein C Lacto-ovo vegetarians had significantly lower levels of fibrinogen, factor Vc, factor VIIc, factor VIIIc, antithrombin III, protein S, plasminogen, prothrombin, protein C
Pan [123] Case-control 203 healthy Taiwanese age <30 60 vegetarians and 143 omnivores PT, APTT, fibrinogen, factor VIIc, factor VIIIc, antithrombin III, plasminogen, Vegetarian men did not differ from omnivore men.
Women: factor VIIIc higher and APTT shorter in vegetarian women versus omnivore women