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Table 15 Formula predicted change in pounds/4 years of selected foods based on the DCCT and FAO/WHO macronutrient intake analyses versus the Harvard diet lifestyle study data

From: Future body mass index modelling based on macronutrient profiles and physical activity

Dietary category Kcals Total carbs /fiber ratio Total fats/PUFA ratio FAO/WHO pounds change/4 years DCCT pounds change/4 yrs Average DCCT and FAO/WHO estimates Harvard study pounds change /4 yrs
Fruits 68.5 5.67 6.16 −0.15 −0.21 −0.18 −0.49
Vegetables 40.8 4.06 2.33 −0.68 −0.75 −0.71 −0.22
Nuts 172 3.06 3.51 −1.11 −0.98 −1.04 −0.57
Whole grains 142 6.43 3.12 −1.04 −1.00 −1.02 −0.37
Refined grains 128 27.7 3.35 0.01 0.20 0.09 0.39
Sugary beverages (12 oz) 150 NA 1.27 1.60 1.44 1.00
100% fruit juice 116 50.0 3.80 0.79 1.05 0.92 0.31
Non caloric diet soda (12 oz) 0 NA NA 0.00 0.00 0.00 −0.11
Sweets or desserts 204 37.1 15.8 0.79 0.51 0.65 0.41
Unprocessed meats 283 NA 13.4 0.75 0.61 0.68 0.95
Processed meats 341 35 10.8 0.71 0.37 0.54 0.93
Whole-fat dairy foods 104 28.5 0.90 0.57 0.74 0.10
Butter (1 tbsp) 108 NA 27.1 1.53 0.63 1.08 0.30
Cheese 107 30.2 0.89 0.56 0.73 0.02
Whole-fat milk 156 18.8 1.32 1.00 1.16 −0.06
Low-fat dairy foods 96.6 30.7 0.44 0.66 0.55 −0.05
Low-fat or skim milk 108 27.4 0.50 0.68 0.59 0.06
Low-fat yogurt 79.7 30.0 0.40 0.61 0.51 −0.82
Potato chips 157 13.5 7.27 0.81 0.38 0.60 1.69
Potato with skin 171 10.1 2.22 −0.08 −0.15 −0.12 0.57
Potatoes French fried 180 11.4 15.1 0.50 0.15 0.32 3.35
Alcohol (14.2 g) 124 - 2.93 −2.57 0.18 0.41