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Table 3 Corrected waiting times for a string length of two, as beneficial fitness effect varies

From: The waiting time problem in a model hominin population

Fitness increase Average number of instances before fixation Average waiting time to 1st instance (yrs) Average waiting time to effective instance (yrs) Average duration of amplification stage (yrs) Total average waiting time (yrs) 95 % confidence intervals for total average waiting time (yrs)
0.0001 19,800 3.00 × 107 8.10 × 109 7.00 × 105 8.10 × 109 3.78 × 109
0.001 3,079 3.05 × 107 9.59 × 108 3.35 × 105 9.59 × 108 1.78 × 108
0.01 221 2.77 × 107 2.73 × 108 7.35 × 104 2.73 × 108 7.10 × 107
0.1 15 2.79 × 107 8.40 × 107 1.72 × 104 8.41 × 107 2.01 × 107
  1. Each value represents the mean of 25 replicates. The population size (10,000) and mutation rate were held constant. A beneficial fitness effect of 0.1 is the same as a 10 % increase in total functionality