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Table 2 Mechanical Properties

From: Theoretically proposed optimal frequency for ultrasound induced cartilage restoration

Mechanical Properties Blood Clot Fibrin ECM PCM
Normal Osteoarthritis Normal Osteoarthritis
Young’s Modulus (kPa)    500–2000 200–600 1–500 25
Bulk Modulus (Pa) 350.8 475.4     
Shear Modulus (Pa) 228.6 312.5     
Permeability (m4/Ns) 1 × 10−12 6 × 10−15 1 × 10−15 2 × 10−15 4 × 10−17 13 × 10−17
Poisson’s Ratio    0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04