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Table 3 Biochemical and physiological variables in horses before and after racing

From: A quantitative method for estimating the adaptedness in a physiological study

Parameter Group 1 Group 2
Baseline
F° = F′
Running
F
Recovery
F
Baseline
F° = F′
Running
F
Recovery
F
Blood oxygen release capacity (95% HbO2), μA 375 ± 14 393 ± 20 380 ± 16 330 ± 11 333 ± 9 325 ± 7
Blood oxygen release capacity (50% HbO2), μA 170 ± 5 185 ± 3 176 ± 19 163 ± 5 166 ± 4 161 ± 3
Blood Hb, g × 100 mL− 1 16.5 ± 0.2 16.9 ± 0.7 16.5 ± 0.2 15.1 ± 0.2 16.0 ± 0.5 15.3 ± 0.5
Heart rate, beat × min− 1 37.0 ± 1.5 112.9 ± 2.7 39.0 ± 2.9 42.5 ± 3.2 129.2 ± 2.9 45.0 ± 6.1
Blood lactate level, mg × 100 mL− 1 50.2 ± 28.9 55.5 ± 14.9 50.8 ± 7.1 59.0 ± 29.9 92.3 ± 13.5 64.2 ± 19.0
Reserve alkalinity of blood, mg × 100 mL− 1 550 ± 19 550 ± 26 560 ± 20 475 ± 22 430 ± 22 465 ± 11
Perspiration No ++ + No +++ ++
  1. Values are expressed as Mean ± SD, N = 6 in each group. From Epstein and Rudoy [29]