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Table 11 Nutrient intake related to BMI change/year for DCCT/EDIC mean follow up of 16.4 years

From: Future body mass index modelling based on macronutrient profiles and physical activity

Variable Mean intake in g or % kcals [90% CI] BMI change/year vs. % kcals r P
Food energy (kcals) 2,297 0.04 0.22
Protein g 102 [62.1-160] 0.03 0.34
Protein % of kcals 17.9 [14.5-21.7 ] −0.02 0.47
Carbohydrates g 264 [159–405] 0.02 0.46
Carbohydrates % of kcals 46.5 [37.3-55.9] −0.03 0.40
Dietary fiber g 24.3 [13.6-39.7] −0.07 0.0263
Dietary fiber g /1000 kcals 10.9 [6.79-16.2] −0.12 0.0002
PUFA g 19.1 [9.05-33.2] −0.00 0.92
PUFA % of kcals 7.45 [4.97-10.3] −0.06 0.06
MUFA g 35.5 [16.5-62.9] 0.06 0.0416
MUFA % of kcals 13.7 [9.50-17.5] 0.07 0.0318
SFA g 32.3 [15.0-58.7] 0.06 0.07
SFA % of kcals 12.4 [8.46-16.4] 0.06 0.0469
Trans fat g (Total fat – SFA–MUFA–PUFA g) 6.81 [3.84-11.0] 0.04 0.25
Trans fat % kcals (Total fat – SFA–MUFA–-PUFA % kcals) 2.66 [2.21-3.12] 0.00 0.88
Total Fat g 93.7 [45.9-165] 0.05 0.11
Total Fat % of kcals 36.2 [26.6-45.1] 0.04 0.22
Total fat – PUFA g 74.6 [36.1-133] 0.06 0.06
Total fat – PUFA % of kcals 28.8 [20.8-36.2] 0.07 0.0331
Alcohol g 3.35 [0.00-15.9] −0.04 0.15
Alcohol % of kcals 0.96 [0.00-4.16] −0.06 0.0549