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Table 3 Selected correlations of availability of foods and food and beverage groups to mean BMI from 167 Countries

From: Future body mass index modelling based on macronutrient profiles and physical activity

Food Groups and kcals Mean % of kcals SD BMI 2008 r (P)
Cereals 41.7 14.2 −0.46 (<0.0001)
  Wheat 18.3 11.5 0.41 (<0.0001)
  Rice 11.5 14.4 −0.41 (<0.0001)
  Maize 7.56 10.7 −0.25 (<0.0001)
Vegetable oils 9.31 4.27 0.24 (<0.0001)
  Soy 2.47 2.74 0.30 (<0.0001)
  Rape and mustard seed 0.61 1.47 0.13 (0.0156)
  Palm 1.57 2.34 −0.22 (<0.0001)
Sugar and sweets 9.90 4.70 0.60 (<0.0001)
Raw sugar equivalents 9.05 4.44 0.60 (<0.0001)
Meat and offals 7.46 4.48 0.54 (<0.0001)
  Poultry 2.01 1.83 0.60 (<0.0001)
  Cow 1.77 1.53 0.28 (<0.0001)
  Pig 2.46 2.71 0.23 (<0.0001)
  Sheep/Goat 0.64 1.14 0.20 (0.0002)
  Offals 0.31 0.28 0.23 (<0.0001)
Roots and Tubers 7.37 9.24 −0.35 (<0.0001)
  Potatoes 2.23 2.29 0.24 (<0.0001)
  Cassava 2.85 6.78 −0.41 (<0.0001)
Milk, eggs, and Fish 7.58 4.59 0.44 (<0.0001)
  Milk 3.99 3.35 0.26 (<0.0001)
  Cheese 1.18 1.63 0.37 (<0.0001)
  Eggs 0.76 0.61 0.41 (<0.0001)
Fruit 5.54 3.09 0.22 (<0.0001)
Animal fats 2.34 2.45 0.38 (<0.0001)
Pulses 2.30 2.40 −0.34 (<0.0001)
Other food groups 6.32 3.43 0.21 (0.0001)
Alcohol (g/d) 6.93 5.18 0.23 (<0.0001)
Kcals 2,612 717 0.28 (<0.0001)
% Insufficient physical activity excluding imputed estimates (n=224) 34.4 17.0 0.56 (<0.0001)
% Insufficient physical activity all (n=334) 35.7 15.6 0.59 (<0.0001)
Exercise (DCCT 1–4 scale) 1.97 0.48 −0.59 (<0.0001)
GDP 2009 (n=334) 11,261 16,558 0.35 (<0.0001)
Female gender 0.50 0.50 0.16 (0.0032)
BMI 2008 25.19 2.43 1.0