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Table 8 Correlations of macronutrient availability with mean BMI 2008 for female and male cohorts from 167 countries

From: Future body mass index modelling based on macronutrient profiles and physical activity

Macronutrients and kcals available Mean intake (90% CI) BMI 2008 r (P)
Kcals 2,613 (1,855-3,353) 0.28 (<0.0001)
Protein g 70.2 (38.5-111) 0.30 (<0.0001)
Protein % of kcals 10.7 (8.60-13.3) 0.13 (0.0184)
Carbohydrate g 382 (248–536) 0.04 (0.44)
Carbohydrate % of kcals 59.3 (45.8-72.0) −0.52 (<0.0001)
Dietary fiber g 30.4 (18.2-46.2) −0.27 (<0.0001)
Dietary fiber g per 1,000 kcals 12.0 (7.60-18.1) −0.60 (<0.0001)
PUFA g 20.4 (10.5-33.9) 0.31 (<0.0001)
PUFA % of kcals 6.97 (5.39-8.84) 0.20 (<0.0001)
MUFA g 36.8 (14.7-72.9) 0.46 (<0.0001)
MUFA % of kcals 12.3 (7.28-18.0) 0.55 (<0.0001)
SFA g 24.2 (8.62-49.4) 0.47 (<0.0001)
SFA % of kcals 8.06 (4.42-12.3) 0.54 (<0.0001)
Total fat g 84.5 (34.0-164) 0.45 (<0.0001)
Total fat % of kcals 28.3 (17.3-40.4) 0.52 (<0.0001)
Total fat g – PUFA g 64.0 (44.5-130) 0.47 (<0.0001)
Total fat % of kcals – PUFA % of kcals 21.3 (10.3-31.6) 0.55 (<0.0001)
Alcohol g 6.92 (0.27-16.7) 0.23 (<0.0001)