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Table 3 The estimated parameters of two simulations for SA algorithm

From: A modified particle swarm optimization algorithm for parameter estimation of a biological system

True parameters α i g i1 g i2 g i3 g i4 β i h i1 h i2 h i3 h i4 RMSE
SA noise free measurement 0.7471
x 1 21.6611 0 0 −0.1552 0 10.65 1.1561 0 0 0
x 2 8.6545 1.1575 0 0 0 3.629 0 1.4052 0 0
x 3 3.6379 0 1.4034 0 0 3.6475 0 0 1.1439 0.8504
x 4 1.6503 1.1432 0 0 0 6.6653 0 0 0 1.4568
SA noisy measurement with SNR 20 0.9762
x 1 18.8551 0 0 0.05911 0 9.8271 1.3714 0 0 0
x 2 8.8778 1.3444 0 0 0 4.8634 0 1.5988 0 0
x 3 3.8245 0 1.6078 0 0 5.8395 0 0 1.3836 1.0416
x 4 2.8509 1.3273 0 0 0 6.8551 0 0 0 1.6388