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Table 1 Biochemical parameters in rats subjected to physical training, eleutherosides administration, and acute exercise

From: A quantitative method for estimating the adaptedness in a physiological study

Parameter S Control Injections of eleutherosides
Untrained (B) Trained (C) Untrained (D) Trained (E)
Rest (N = 10)
F ° = F ′
Swimming
(N = 10) F ″
Rest (N = 8)
F ′
Swimming
(N = 9) F ″
Rest (N = 9)
F ′
Swimming
(N = 9) F ″
Rest (N = 8)
F ′
Swimming
(N = 8) F ″
Gastrocnemius muscle hexokinase activity, nM NADPH × mg protein−1 × min− 1 0.913a 13.8 ± 1.2 7.1 ± 1.7 13.4 ± 1.7 12.7 ± 2.0 14.2 ± 1.1 5.5 ± 2.3 13.1 ± 2.8 8.6 ± 1.4
0.485 b 0.052 0.600 0.344
Blood ammonia, μg × 100 mL−1 0.893 103 ± 11 186 ± 48 83 ± 18 127 ± 73 79 ± 13 110 ± 34 73 ± 18 112 ± 51
0.805 0.530 0.393 0.535
Plasma 11-HCS, μg × 100 mL−1 0.778 13.1 ± 2.9 30.8 ± 6.8 8.1 ± 2.9 30.2 ± 5.7 8.9 ± 1.2 31.9 ± 2.6 10.9 ± 1.5 28.8 ± 2.5
1.35 2.73 2.59 1.64
Muscle glycogen, mg × 100 g−1 0.694 702 ± 215 293 ± 218 897 ± 269 451 ± 147 745 ± 173 225 ± 124 757 ± 165 387 ± 153
0.580 0.500 0.700 0.490
Blood lactate, mmol ×L− 1 0.672 6.1 ± 2.0 16.6 ± 8.5 5.5 ± 0.8 7.2 ± 1.4 5.2 ± 1.1 12.5 ± 6.2 5.5 ± 1.1 9.8 ± 7.4
1.720 0.310 1.400 0.780
  1. 11-HCS 11-hydroxycorticosteroids; a 0.913 = 1–1.2 / 13.8; b 0.485 = |7.1–13.8| / 13.8 = |K″ – K′| / K′. Data are expressed as Mean ± SD